Families






In many ways, the condition of families in Arkansas is improving – teen births and child abuse are declining, unemployment is low, and housing is affordable. But other indicators are headed in the wrong direction – child poverty is increasing, income levels haven’t kept pace with inflation, and the state’s incarceration rate is high and still rising. In addition, many conditions are dramatically worse for African American and Hispanic individuals and families.

Teen births have fallen 50% since 2007 but remain high at 33 per 1,000 teen females – putting Arkansas at 51th in the nation on this indicator. Arkansas is 35th in the nation for child abuse and neglect, with 12 children per 1,000 in true reports of abuse.

Arkansas was 46th in the nation for child poverty and 47th for poverty, with 18% of individuals and 26% of children in poverty. Rates have increased and were significantly higher among people of color – strikingly, 45% of African American and 38% of Hispanic children were in poverty, compared to 20% of white children.

Arkansas is 50th in the nation for household income, with a median income that was 76% of the national level at $43,800. Median income was dramatically lower for African American households at $29,300, close to the poverty threshold for a four-person family with two children (about $24,900).

This is despite the fact that unemployment was low, 3.7% in 2018, lower than the national rate and down from years following the Great Recession. Arkansas had had job growth since 2008, but at 4% that has lagged the national growth rate of 9%.

Jobs and income impact families’ ability to meet basic needs. In 2017, 17% of state residents were food insecure, above the national rate of 13% and making Arkansas 50th in the nation on this indicator.

Access to affordable financial services is also important to individuals and families. In 2017, nearly 10% of Arkansas households were unbanked (meaning they had no checking or savings accounts) and 23% were underbanked (meaning they used alternative services despite having accounts). This was higher than national rates of 7% and 19% - making Arkansas 39st in the nation on this indicator.

And rates were much higher among some groups, with 31% of black or African American households and 24% of Hispanic households underbanked, compared to 17% of white households.

Incarceration can be devastating to families. In 2015, the incarceration rate in Arkansas was 122 per 10,000, up 21% since 2006, making Arkansas 40th in the nation on this indicator.

In addition, Arkansas’ rates were much higher for blacks/African Americans – 270% of the white rate – while the rate for Latinos was about half the white rate. Males were jailed at a rate 5 times above that for females.

Housing is generally affordable in Arkansas, and homelessness low. The homeownership rate was 66%, higher than the national rate, and the state’s low rate of homelessness put it at 9th in the nation. The housing affordability ratio of 2.7 put Arkansas 11th in the nation for affordable housing, and rent was fairly affordable as well, consuming on average 30% of income.

However, homeownership was much lower among African Americans (43%) and Hispanics (49%) and housing less affordable for these groups. Rent, for example, consumed 35% of income for African Americans.





INDICATORS TREND | STATE
Access to Quality Seats for Infants and Toddlers Increasing
Access to Quality Childcare Seats for Preschoolers Maintaining
Grade 3 Reading Increasing
Grade 8 Math Increasing
Graduation Rate Increasing
Remediation Rate Decreasing
Adults with a High School Degree Increasing
Adults with a Bachelor's Degree or Higher Increasing
Adults Pursuing Further Education Decreasing
Infant Mortality Decreasing
Early Prenatal Care Increasing
Overweight or Obese Students Maintaining
Student Drug Usage Decreasing
Overweight or Obese Adults Increasing
Physically Inactive Adults Increasing
Smoking Rate Decreasing
Flouridated Water Increasing
Insurance Coverage Rates Increasing
Oral Health Increasing
Life Expectancy Increasing
Routine Check-ups Increasing
Births to Teens Decreasing
Female-headed Households Increasing
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
People Living in Poverty Increasing
Elderly Living in Poverty Decreasing
Median Household Income Maintaining
Unemployment Rate Decreasing
Homeownership Rate Decreasing
Child Abuse and Neglect Decreasing
Access to Financial Services Decreasing
Food Insecurity Decreasing
Incarceration Rate Increasing
Homelessness Decreasing
Change in Total Jobs Maintaining
Housing Affordability - Owning Maintaining
Housing Affordability - Renting Increasing
Voter Participation Rate Decreasing
Charitable Giving Increasing
Volunteering Increasing
Group Participation Increasing
Connection to Neighbors Decreasing
Local Voting Not Applicable
Change in Population Increasing
Change in Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Change in Population by Age Not Applicable


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